Dyslipidemia is a medical condition that refers to having an abnormal level of fats (lipids) in the blood. The most found type of dyslipidemia is hyperlipidemia or high lipid levels. Another, rare form of dyslipidemia is hypolipidemia, which refers to when the lipid levels are abnormally low. Dyslipidemias can have… ...Read more
Dyslipidemia is a medical condition that refers to having an abnormal level of fats (lipids) in the blood. The most found type of dyslipidemia is hyperlipidemia or high lipid levels. Another, rare form of dyslipidemia is hypolipidemia, which refers to when the lipid levels are abnormally low. Dyslipidemias can have an impact on any lipid parameter, including low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, triglycerides, or a combination of these lipids.Causes:There are several factors that can cause dyslipidemia - varying from inherited disorders to one’s lifestyle. The causes of dyslipidemia can be divided into two simple categories: Primary Dyslipidemia: Primary dyslipidemia refers to abnormal lipid levels that are caused by a mutated gene or genes inherited from one or both parents.Secondary Dyslipidemia: As the secondary hyperlipidemias may be caused by the following factors:
Poor or high fat, high sugar diet
Lack of Exercise
Use of Oral Contraceptives
Hypothyroidism that has not been treated
Symptoms:Foods to Eat: According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's (NHLBI) TLC Diet Guidelines, one should have a proper diet and they should consume the following:
Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat
25% to 35% of the day's total calories from fat
Less than 200 mg of dietary cholesterol a day
Restrict sodium intake to 2,400 mg a day
One needs to maintain just enough calories to achieve or maintain a healthy weight and reduce your blood cholesterol level. One shouldn’t consume:
Avoid Red Meat, Organ Meats and Shellfish as they are rich in cholesterol.
Avoid consumption of foods made by reheated oil.
Heavy Oily foods, Foods high in Cream and Cheese
Avoid Saturated Fat such as Palm oil, Butter, Margarine or Ghee.
Treatments:Lifestyle modifications have shown to lower serum cholesterol levels, with the most notable benefits coming from diet and weight loss. If a patient has been relatively inactive for a long period of time, it is suggested that one should start with low-to-moderate level activities, such as walking, taking the stairs, house work, dancing and moderate exercising at home. These activities should be performed for a few minutes on most days to start. Read less