What are Ayurvedic doshas? | Thriive.in
What are Ayurvedic doshas?

What are Ayurvedic doshas?

25 Apr, 2019

Ayurveda in Sanskrit means “knowledge of life or longevity”. It is one of the most ancient forms of medicinal science in India. Today, it has been practiced all around the globe. It is widely researched and read about. One of the reasons for this is the fact that it has no major side-effects. But what is an ayurvedic dosha? Here’s your guide to understanding it in greater detail.

What is dosha?

Ayurvedic medicines work with the principle of identifying body types (doshas). It professes that each of us possess various dominant and subtle elements that frame our personalities. Five main elements or panch-tatva (Agni (fire), Vayu (air), Prithvi (Earth), Jal (Water) and Akash (space)) are the essences of Ayurveda.  It also emphasizes that each of us have distinct body types. And these doshas determine our habits, likes, dislikes, body structure, and overall nature.

Largely speaking, there are 3 categories of doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Vata is characterized by the mobile nature of air or vayu. Pitta encapsulates the spirit of fire or agni. Kapha carries the binding nature of the water or jal.

Predominant traits of each dosha


Of the 3 body types, vata is the most inclusive. This is because, just like the immobile wind, vata- dominant personalities carry everything along with them. You are vata if you are creative, nimble, communicative, impulsive, ambitious, intuitive, mentally flexible, enthusiastic, fun-loving, emotional, anxious, overwhelmed and spontaneous.


Of all these body types, pitta is spirited like the fire. This could be you if you are intelligent, outspoken, emotional, sentimental, understanding, courageous and egoistic. But just like fire, they are hot-tempered, quick to rage and imbalanced in terms of anger.


You could be kapha if you are easy-going, calm, thoughtful, loving, compassionate, possessive, stubborn, resistant to change and the one to not let go of things easily. Just like the water, you mould yourself to situations yet have attachment issues.

You could be one type completely or a mix of two of these doshas too. You could also read what you should eat according to your body type. 

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