Foot Care and Diabetes: All You Need To Know
Uncontrolled diabetes could lead you to a state where the nerves in your legs, feet are so damaged that you don’t get any sensation. This condition is known as “ Sensory diabetic Neuropathy” and can kill the sensation of heat, cold or even pain in your legs and feet. This can be really dangerous if you have a cut or sore on your feet because you won’t feel a thing but the wound can get infected and cause serious consequences.
Diabetes affects the flow of blood in your legs and feet, resulting in a more tedious process of healing hence even if you get a small cut or blister, it could turn into a major issue. The condition is known as “ Peripheral Vascular Disease” and if not taken seriously, it can cause ulcers or even gangrene which can result in amputation.
In spite of taking proper care and medication, these conditions are different to diagnose. If you find any of these following symptoms, contact your doctor immediately:
- Any kind of redness or change of color around your legs and feet
- Change in the temperature of your feet
- Any kind of swelling in or around your feet or ankles
- Pain in the legs or feet
- Any stray cuts taking more time to heal than usual
- Infected toenails or change in color of toenails
- Corns or calluses
- Dry cracks in the skin
Prevention is better than cure. Here are a few precautionary measures that you must keep note of:
- Keep your feet clean and dry and protect them from extreme cold or hot weather.
- Wash them daily with lukewarm water and mild soap. Do not soak your feet in the water and make sure to dry them after, especially between the toes.
- Always keep your feet covered, even in the house. Always consider wearing socks or slippers to avoid any cuts or blisters.
- Check every day as a routine for any cuts, sores, blisters, calluses, any sort of redness or anything uneven.
- If your feet feels dry, moisturize with a lotion on the prescription your doctor. Try moisturizing it daily but remember to keep it dry between the fingers as it may lead to infection.
- Always wear closed-toed shoes to prevent any kind of injury or cuts.
- Always wear dry and clean socks to keep your feet warm. Wear socks at night while sleeping, if your feet feels cold.
- Always check the inside of your shoes before wearing it for any unwanted objects.
- Wear shoes that fit well. Avoid wearing footwear that is too tight or loose as they may end up having blisters around the feet.
- If you smoke, quit it immediately. Smoking poses major problems of blood circulation that can add to complications.
- If you feel that anything is hurting you or is not right, get it checked by your doctor. An annual checkup should be done anyway to keep a track.
- Inspect your toenails every once in a while and if you are clipping your nails; be cautious, as you don’t want the cut to go deeper. Cut straight with a nail clipper and use a nail file if you have to.
- Try to keep your diabetes under control and follow the prescription and diet as mentioned by the doctor.
Any disease can cause trouble if not taken seriously. Diabetes, not only affects one’s life but also the lives of those living around them. It is always better to be safe than sorry. A little precaution never hurts! Maintain a healthy lifestyle, eat well, perform good deeds and stay happy.
Shivani Mehra is a budding author and a hopeless poet, a learning enthusiast and a dreamer who believes her dreams come true through writing.